Wandering: “moving from place to place without a fixed plan”
More than 60% of the people with Alzheimer´s or another type of dementia will wander, according to the Alzheimer´s Association.
Daily life with Dementia
According to a Dutch news article, a professor named Anne-Mei The, wrote a book about the daily life of people with dementia. She thinks that dementia needs to be handled differently and that we need to focus on the social side of dementia care. If we think about this disease we think about nursing homes. She says, we need to look not only at the patients but also at the caregivers, we need to make their life easy too.
Risks of wandering
If a person with dementia wanders, they have to be found as soon as possible because 50% of the persons can injure themselves or can even suffer death. The Alzheimer´s Association has specified some characteristics of persons with dementia that have the risk to wander. Such as, coming back later than they do normally from a walk or drive; when they want to go home while they are already home; when they find it hard to locate places that are familiar to them, such as the bathroom or dining room.
To assure the safety of the elderly, nursing homes make use of wandering systems. These systems know where the patients or residents are and if they need help in case of emergency. Due to the specific system, response time improves. The system knows when the patient or resident and even nurses try to enter a door and determines whether to open or not. The system can determine the exact location of patients through a wrist band for example.
Solutions of Foston Europe
Foston contributes to the safety of the elderly by offering two solutions.
The first one is a wristband with a button. When the user walks through a specific door it sends an alarm to the nurses. This solution is used by many companies, but integrating it with our software provides extra features to the system. We can include time frames. So depending on the hour of the day, the user, or where the alarm is placed, several actions can be taken (block doors, deliver the alarm to DECT phones, smartphones, app…).
We can also conclude a behavioural pattern of the patients. Thanks to the antennas installed, we can know the routes they take every day. Moreover, what they are doing the whole day and see if there are any changes in their behaviour.
Normally, the wrist band is clearly for safety reasons, therefore the patients might not recognize it and try to take off the device or constantly press the alarm button, even when there is no emergency. Therefore the second solution is a real watch which contains all features of an alarm button. it is used for people with dementia. Because this is an actual watch, the user will not know that they are being controlled, which makes them feel that they can go wherever they want.
Foston Europe can integrate both solutions with access control systems. In this way, if the user is wearing the watch and wants to go through a door, then the access control system knows if they are allowed to pass through or not.